The tens from 50 to 80 also get this и ending in the genitive, but not only at the end of a word but also in the middle: The tens 40, 90 and 100 follow a different strategy: they are added the letter a at the end: This is the last part of the big genitive case story. - Четыре персика. We’ve actually already discussed them in the first part of the article when we talked about how to build an “I’ve got” phrase in Russian. It’s applied to the object and consequently has only four forms: There are two types of the demonstrative pronouns in Russian: тот  (that) and этот (this). The Russian genitive case has many functions: we use it to illustrate possession, to talk about a part of something, after numerals, and with certain prepositions such as без (without), для (for, to), после (after) and so on. And again, a couple of phrases to illustrate what I mean. The last class of pronouns that you’ll meet in speech are determinative pronouns that mean all, or the whole. This video explains how to use the genitive case with numbers as well as with the adverbial expressions of quantity: сколько, много, мало, немного, несколько. Keep reading, as the genitive can be one of the deepest pitfalls in the realm of Russian grammar. In the second part of this post, we’ll explore how different parts of speech behave in the genitive. 3 – третий – третьего – третьей – третьих. Sign 1: with the apostrophe ‘s: Ivan’s, Pavel’s: Sign 2: with the proposition of: a street of a city. The only way I can make it easier is by explaining each of them and providing you with loads of examples. However the combination of two consonant sounds, especially чк, жк, шк is so difficult to pronounce at the very end of the word, that we dilute it with the letter, Obviously, the language doesn’t like to leave two consonants at the end of the word. There’s nothing wrong if these grammar terms don’t mean anything to you. - Я сейчас у стоматолога. Some prepositions are used with the genitive case, too. I was surfing through a lot of websites, but couldn’t find one that could not only explain the nature of the genitive case, but present the case and all of its many parts of speech, and most importantly give students the chance to practice endings. If you want to practice this further (and you should! 8 – восемь – восьми (! In the phrase "Дом Ивана",the house (Дом) is owned by Ivan. Basic meaning The genitive caseis a set of word forms (in singular and plural) the basic function of which is to show a possessor, like the English preposition "of" in the phrase "the book of the student". Here, we need to stop and ask ourselves a question: “How do I express whether someone has something, or does not have something?”. (s ootRAH SHYOL DOZHD')- It had been raining since the morning. It answers the questions кого (kaVOH)—"whom" or "of whom"—, and чего (chyVOH)—"what," or "of what." - Машина красного цвета. So, here are the major rules: The top 20 numbers and other tens (30, 50, 90…) have three different types of  endings for different genders: Exception! - У меня есть собака. In Russian, we use the structure which is completely different from the English “I have (got)” where the genitive case plays a major role. The 'owner' is the noun that is used in the genitive case. The most important function of the genitive case is showing possession. To put a word into its genitive form you should add a certain ending to it. Sometimes the genitive case can indicate location. This the last quiz, that I encourage you to take. That might be challenging at first. This group unites the pronouns он (he), она (she), оно (it) in singular and они (they) in plural. These are the forms they take in the genitive. Now, when you ask for some water in Russian, you’ll use the genitive. Basically, the possessor or the object that belongs to something or somebody has to be used in Genitive case form. Usually, this happens when the location is at someone's place or place or work (у—oo). They differ slightly depending on the gender and have special forms in the genitive. For some cases you’ll need to know three definitions: We’ll begin by answering the question “How do you form the genitive case in Russian?” with the most frequent words – nouns. Here we’ll learn to form the genitive forms of different types of pronouns: personal, possessive, reflexive and so on. The next type of pronouns are possessive like “his, her, my” etc. As you remember, pronouns in Russian are divided into three “groups” or persons. ), I advise you to create your own list of simple examples. in the genitive plural delete the last sound [Н а с т ‘ a] and get Насть. Next, I’m gonna show you how to enrich your speech with adjectives that properly agree with genitive nouns. As you see, the genitive case version of он (he), она (she) они (they) have double forms: его – него, её – неё их – них. 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