2 Process Diagram of Aerobic Digestion Process 12 3 Process Diagram of Composting Process 13 4 Patterns of temperature and microbial growth in compost piles 14 5 Food Web of the Compost Pile 17 6 Process Diagram of Vermicomposting Process 19 7 Anatomy … These natural microorganisms utilize oxygen and moisture to convert organic matter into compost, and in doing so, produce several byproducts including heat. However, from the engineering point of view, there is no need for secondary composting, because the secondary composting stage can continue to degrade the organic matter that is difficult to degrade, and the reaction rate is slowed down. Most of the thermophilic microorganisms are no longer adapted to 70 ° C and enter the dormant and death stages in large numbers. This method involves feeding organic materials into a drum, silo, concrete-lined trench, or similar equipment. Pathogens are … Compared with the first composting, the management and regulation of the secondary composting stage is relatively simple. Typically, a composting phase requires ventilation and maintains good control of the composting process due to the need to reduce odor. Use PDF export for high quality prints and SVG export for large sharp images or embed your diagrams anywhere with the Creately viewer. Notes: for a better and efficient quotation, if your raw materials are animal manures, minimum processing capacity shall meet 10 ton per day, and the animal farm scale should as follows: Detailed calculating methods, click here.. * Brief-Introduction Your Inquiry The process of composting involves two temperature ranges: mesophilic and thermophilic. : Li Kezhai, Zhengshang Road, Chengguan Township, Xingyang City, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China, Organic Fertilizer Production Line in Turkey, Organic fertilizer production line in Indonesia, complete granule production line solutions, Organic fertilizer production line in Malaysia, Organic fertilizer production line in Uzbekistan, Fertilizer Belt Conveyor onloading to Ukraine Video, Wood Waste Compost Shredder Working Performance Show, Large Scale Industrial Compost Turner Assembling, Phosphatic Granule Fertilizer Production Line in Uzbekistan, Organic Compound Fertilizer Production Line in Malaysia, Disc pan compost pelletizer in inner mongolia, Zhengzhou Shunxin Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd. The high temperature stage in the cooling stage will inevitably lead to the death and activity of microorganisms, and naturally enter the low temperature stage. At this stage, the mesophilic microorganisms began to take the lead, further decomposing the organic matter that is difficult to decompose, but the microbial activity generally decreased, the heat generation of the heap decreased, the temperature began to decrease, the organic matter stabilized, and the oxygen demand was greatly increased. : +86 180 3757 2883 *We respect your privacy, and will not share your personal information with other entities. Whether the pre-treatment or post-treatment needs to depend on the characteristics of the raw materials and the desired product quality. There is usually no clear boundary and distinction between these two phases. The optimum temperature for modern compost production is typically 55 ° C, because most microorganisms are most active in this temperature range, most decomposing organic matter, and most of the pathogens and parasites can be killed. At this stage, the mesophilic microorganisms are inhibited. Composting temperature increased with time during the composting process and reached the maximum values after 2 weeks due to the decomposition of the composted material as a result of microorganism activity. While the ideal temperature for the initial composting stage is 20-45 °C, at subsequent stages with the thermophilic organisms taking over, a temperature range of 50-70 °C may be ideal. A composting process that operates at optimum performance will convert organic matter into stable compost that is odor and pathogen free, and a poor breeding substrate for flies and other insects. : Li Kezhai, Zhengshang Road, Chengguan Township, Xingyang City, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China. To harvest the finish compost, stop adding materials to the tumbler and keep rotating it daily until the compost is ready. In-vessel composting can process large amounts of waste without taking up as much space as the windrow method and it can accommodate virtually any type of organic waste (e.g., meat, animal manure, biosolids, food scraps). Principle. There is usually no clear boundary and distinction between these two phases. Composting stage requires input of air and water, while generating more potentially polluting exhaust and effluents. Copyright © 2008-2019 Cinergix Pty. And reconstitute low temperature microbial communities to help compost maturity, reduce phytotoxic substances and inhibit pathogens. The characteristics of a composting phase are: high oxygen absorption rate, high temperature, large reduction in degradable volatile solids (BVS), and high odor potential. The composting process is generally divided into three stages. Creately is an easy to use diagram and flowchart software built for team collaboration. Get the Android App. The decomposition substrates are mainly sugars and starches. Compost is a natural fertilizer that allows an easy flow of water to the growing plants. : +86 180 3757 2883 To compost newly generated materials while you wait, either get another tumbler or create a pile or stationary bin to contain the materials until your compost is ready. Ltd. All rights reserved. When the temperature rises to 60 °C, the fungus almost completely ceases to function. The temperature kept high values until week 4, and then started to decrease until week 6. Organic waste composting process refers to a sequence of steps by which organic waste materials such as leaves, grass, fruits, vegetables, and others are acted upon by microorganisms in the presence of water and oxygen to produce humus. One of the greatest expenses associated with raw manure disposal isC the cost of transporting it from dairies to sites where it will be applied as fertilizer. High temperatures characterize the aerobic composting process and serve as signs of vigorous microbial activities. Only thermophilic bacteria and actinomycetes are active. :SX Compost Facilities The maximum values of temperature were 54.5–70.5°C. The most active ones are thermophilic fungi and actinomycetes at around 50 °C. These two phases are indispensable for the design and operation of a complete composting system and are necessary for the production of composted compost. The humus is a product enriched with fiber and inorganic nutrients like phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen. Zhengzhou Shunxin Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd . The raw material processing before the start of one composting is called pre-treatment, and the raw material processing after the post-cooking stage is called post-treatment. This process is mainly required to add nutrients to the soil. The pre-composting weighing and pre-processing stages generate liquid leachate, gas exhausts, and solid residue as by-products. Use Creately’s easy online diagram editor to edit this diagram, collaborate with others and export results to multiple image formats. Get the iOS App. (SEEC  for short) is a leading enterprise in fertilizer equipment industry of China. The system even died, while thermophilic microorganisms rose to dominant microorganisms. If you have any interest or need of our product, just feel free to send inquiry to us! The warming phase generally refers to the initial stage of the composting process, in which the temperature of the stack gradually rises from the ambient temperature to  about 45 °C, the dominant microorganisms are mesophilic microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes. The composting process is carried out by a wide spectrum of microorganisms. © Cinergix Pvt. 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