Ephesians 1.4-5 Ephesians 1:4-5 For He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world to be holy & blameless in His sight In love He predestined us to be adopted as His sons through Jesus Christ in accordance with His pleasure and will. “Making known” is often used in connection with God’s unveiling of his revelation (Rom. Learn more or donate today at, ESV Expository Commentary: Ephesians–Philemon (Volume 11). 9:17; Eph. 17:21). He was known before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in the last times for your sake. He further describes his message as “the gospel of your salvation.” That is, it is the good news that saves one from the impending wrath of God (cf. With the privilege of election comes the responsibility of living according to God’s Word. The only other NT use of the verb “to unite” is in Romans 13:9, where Paul notes that all of the OT commandments can be “summed up” by the command to love your neighbor as yourself. Rom. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. 3:3, 4, 9; Col. 1:26–27; 1 Tim. God is to be blessed or praised because of his great grace that provides believers in Jesus Christ a plethora of spiritual blessings (cf. This article is adapted from the ESV Expository Commentary: Ephesians–Philemon (Volume 11) edited by Iain M. Duguid, James M. Hamilton Jr., and Jay Sklar. It was done in accordance with his “purpose,” indicating that the choosing of his people was something in which God delighted. 1:7). This phrase describes the content of the mystery hidden in the past but now revealed in the gospel. 6, 14). 1:22). “…the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” (Revelation 13:8 Young’s Translation) 1 Corinthians 15:21-22 tell us “For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. God’s grace is glorious as it reflects his character and is therefore worthy of our highest praise. 12, 14). 2 Cor. Paul further notes that God has “blessed” us with this grace. 3:14) and is the means (“with”) by which God seals his people. Col. 1:22). To the praise of His glorious grace! These three actions occurred simultaneously. 1:13–14) and is a divine passive (passive voice with the implied subject being God; i.e., they were sealed by God). Paul moves from God’s predetermining choice before time to his work of redemption in the course of history. Crossway is a not-for-profit Christian ministry that exists solely for Hence, He "chose us [all who, through exercise of their divinely bestowed free will, accept His universal offer] in Him before the foundation of the world," and "predestined us [the whole race, potentially] to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ." “Before him” most likely means before Jesus, specifically referring to the day of our Lord Jesus when we will appear before him in judgment. 21:8; Lev. Rom. 9:26; 2 Cor. 8:17; Gal. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, accordin That is, in Christ, he chose us before the world was made so that we would be his holy people—people without blame before him. Paul now applies this concept to believers (cf. Rom. Paul begins the body of this letter in a typical OT or Jewish style of a prolonged blessing (berakah). vv. Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Just as believers were predestined for adoption “according to the purpose of his will” (1:5), so here they are predestined to receive an inheritance “according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will.” The comfort to believers is that, while we were sinners and his enemies (Rom. In verses 11–12, Paul provides the third of four reasons believers should praise God: because he has given us an imperishable inheritance. And it was done in accordance with his “will.” God has a definite plan and redemptive purpose for adopting wayward sinners into his family. “Mystery” in Paul’s writings refers to something once hidden but now disclosed, especially as it relates to God’s plan to unite all things (including Jews and Gentiles) into the one body of Christ (Rom. *** Discussion: I… Although some English versions favor the former (CSB, KJV, NKJV, NRSV), the latter interpretation is preferable (ESV, NASB, NIV) since the focus of this section is on God’s work of blessing his people. The Greek word translated “redemption” indicates release or liberation from imprisonment or captivity. Paul then adds that the manner in which God bestows his grace is “in all wisdom and insight.” God did not lavish his grace on his people in an ill-conceived or haphazard manner. 1:22; 5:5; cf. John 17:24; 1 Pet. Rom. In love ... that we should be holy and blameless before him. The election and predestination of Israel as God’s firstborn son pointed forward to Christ, the elect one, God’s Son, just as the redemption of Israel from Egypt pointed forward to his cross. 9:4). Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. This phrase is a summary of everything Christians receive through God’s work in his Son, including election, adoption, redemption, forgiveness, and the gift of the Spirit. 6:18). the purpose of proclaiming the gospel through publishing Third, God has blessed us “in the heavenly places” (lit., “in the heavenlies”), a phrase found only in Ephesians (1:3, 20; 2:6; 3:10; 6:12). Spiritual Blessings … 4 For He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless in His presence. Rather, God’s divine purpose of predestination is that those chosen are adopted into his family through the finished work of Christ. In the OT, the nation of Israel was given this special privilege (Ex. 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