For instance, their hunting of animals like capuchin monkeys helps keep the populations in check naturally. The bird is popular in Panama, which named the creature its national bird. Sloths and monkeys are favorites for this raptor. Jessica Stewart is a Contributing Writer and Digital Media Specialist for My Modern Met, as well as a curator and art historian. Its incredible size and unique appearance has made the Harpy Eagle quite a popular figure on the internet. The Harpy eagles of the rainforest prefer monkeys, however. The biggest in the world will be at the top end of the scale in a combination of those categories. The danger comes from man and the deforestation of the Philippine islands. Source: Jonathan Wilkins [CC BY-A 3.0] via Wikimedia Commons. Sadly, Harpy Eagles are becoming a rare site across Latin America as rainforest deforestation diminishes their habitat. But if its distinct appearance isn't impressive enough, its height and wingspan certainly are. However, climate change is another enemy of the Sea eagle’s survival, as flooding and changing coastlines can cause its primary food source, fish, to become scarce. White-tailed eagles are found in numbers across Europe, Russia and the mountainous regions of northern Japan. Source: Sumeet Moghee [CC BY-A 4.0] via Wikimedia Commons. This eagle is most often observed among the rocky, mountainous regions in East and northeast Africa. Laws against hunting the eagle and efforts to build up the population in captivity are currently underway. When she’s not spending time with her three dogs, she also manages the studio of a successful street artist. The largest eagle in the world is the Stellar’s Sea Eagle. Although it breeds mainly in Russia it has also been located in Korea and Japan. As Harpy Eagles are monogamous and raise just one eaglet every two years, even a slight downturn in numbers can make population recovery difficult. This type is found in Kazakhstan, Pakistan, China and other countries near the Himalayan Mountains. By preserving their energy, they have more than enough strength to pick up small animals weighing up to 17 pounds. The Philippine eagle is on the endangered species list. It has a diverse diet, feeding on mammals, reptiles and other birds. Photographs of the large eagle often pop up on Reddit, where people marvel at its size.For a quick comparison, a female bald eagle averages up to 12 pounds, while the female Harpy Eagle weighs between 13 and 20 pounds. This eagle lived in the South Island of New Zealand, and became extinct around 1400. The eagle is favored for its hunting abilities and some tribes in these regions had a tradition of training the bird to hunt wolves and other predators. It prefers the meaty, cold water fishes like Salmon, but it will also hunt other birds, small mammals and sea mammals such as seals. The largest eagle in the world is the Stellar’s Sea Eagle. If the Harpy Eagle's goth look wasn't fearsome enough, take note of its powerful talons. This eagle favors to stay in the air generally, especially when hunting. These powerful birds of prey can reach up to 3 feet 5 inches in height, with an overall wingspan of up to 7 feet 4 inches—making them look almost like a puppet out of Jim Henson's Labyrinth. It favors livestock and valuable game animals, and so it has been hunted vigorously. With its white crest standing out against the large, brown body and wings, the bald eagle is one of the most visible of all eagles. The species is listed as “threatened” on the conservation scale, mostly due to deforestation in their habitats. We’re also on Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flipboard. one of the most specialized diet of any bird predator, It has a diverse diet, feeding on mammals, reptiles and other birds, eagles attacking humans and using small children as prey, In the past, this eagle was on the endangered species list, American law, only Native Americans can legally possess bald eagle feathers, some tribes in these regions had a tradition of training the bird to hunt wolves and other predators, Japanese have classified this bird as a National Treasure. However, the bald eagle was not always so beloved. Source: Sinisa Djordje Majetic [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Wikimedia Commons. This bird is listed as “vulnerable” on the extinction scale. The Asian golden eagle is also known as the Berkut, a word that translates into “golden eagle.” It is the largest known eagle in this subspecies. Silent hunters—they don't vocalize much—these eagles will sit for hours on end in a perch, just waiting for a meal to walk by. Other environmental factors contributed to a dwindling population. They rarely soar long distances. They also occasionally kill adult deer, pronghorns, and calves. This is important because these monkeys eat eggs from bird nests and, if not kept under control, could cause the extinction of other species. So what do Harpy Eagle's eat? The loss of this apex predator in some environments is a huge blow to the ecosystem. That’s because it is the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. They readily adapt, however, to preying on waterfowl, other birds, rabbits, and other small mammals. The shorter wings help them navigate better through the forest, as opposed to other eagle species that mainly fly in large, open areas. It is known to prey on small mammals, other birds and reptiles. Some species have longer wingspans or longer length, but when accounting for length, weight and wingspan together, this bird is the biggest of all. It swoops down on its pray and attacks them as it lands. Check out the exclusive rewards, here. Some of the biggest have longer wingspans than others. A sea eagle, it has two known subspecies and forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). While the eagle is strong enough to kill prey with one blow, it will injure larger prey and wait until the damage is too great for them to fight or flee. However, conservation efforts have been successful and the breed is now common. Crowned hawk-eagle and Martial eagle known to take large bush buck or deer the Martial eagle although it feeds primarily on birds has the largest prey taken – “Martial eagles have predated adult duikers weighing up to 37 kg (82 lbs), perhaps the heaviest live prey item recorded. 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The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey found in North America. This large eagle of the sub-Saharan forests is known for the striking brown/white/orange patterns on its feathers and the tall, cap-like crest on its head. Some eagle nests stay small, but some can reach 10 feet across and weigh a thousand pounds! Source: Peretz Partensky [CC BY-A 2.0] via Wikimedia Commons. Still, the Harpy Eagle remains the largest extant eagle in the world. Source: Francesco Veronesi [CC BY-A 2.0] via Flickr. At times, some may prey repeatedly on domestic sheep and goats, primarily young lambs and kids. Capable of flying up to 50 miles per hour, it's no problem for them to then swoop down and snatch their food. The Haast’s eagle is labeled the largest known eagle … This bird is found throughout Central America, though in dwindling numbers. In the 1990s, there were reported cases of American golden eagles hunting and killing live cattle in the state of New Mexico. Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. Pollution and overfishing are two manmade factors that threaten its existence. In south east Asia a monkey eating eagle rules the skies. Receive our Weekly Newsletter. the Harpy Eagle from r/NatureIsFuckingLit. The unique appearance may be one of the reasons that the country where it is found has named the eagle the national bird. One observer saw the eagle fly off with a lamb weighing as much as 33 pounds. Eagles are an impressive sight for anyone who has seen one whether flying above or up close in captivity. They are among the most fearsome predators in the wild, especially for small animals or other birds. As our patron, you’ll become a member and join us in our effort to support the arts. Find out how by becoming a Patron. Like other eagles of this size, the bird can lift its weight and is known to prey on small mammals, other birds and reptiles. 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