hard-line anti-communists in Washington continued to promote relations with the The first apartheid laws were the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949, followed by the Immorality Act of 1950, which worked together to prohibit most South Africans from marrying or having sexual relationships with persons of a different race. Especially among the “Colored” and “Indian” mixed-race groups many family members were forced to live in widely separated neighborhoods. The Cold War then was in its early stages. How did apartheid end? Home. The impact of Mandela’s release reverberated throughout South Africa and the In 1992, a whites-only referendum approved the reform process. international economic and cultural sanctions, economic struggles, and the end Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Every citizen over age 18 was required to carry an identity card showing their racial group. After speaking to throngs of supporters in Cape Town where he pledged to By the end of the 1980s, discontentment was growing among … With Mandela in prison, other anti-apartheid leaders fled South Africa and mustered followers in neighboring Mozambique and other supportive African countries, including Guinea, Tanzania, and Zambia. anticipation for the release of Nelson Mandela who walked out of prison after 27 Almost exclusively black deaths, most occurred during especially notorious bloodbaths, such as the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960 and the Soweto Student Uprising of 1976-1977. imprisoned. Remember it was not only south Africa where blacks were discriminated against. For example, in the “comb test,” if a comb became stuck while being pulled through a person’s hair, they were automatically classified as a Black African and subject to apartheid’s social and political restrictions. Black African opposition to apartheid intensified after the white minority-ruled Nationalist Party assumed power in 1948 and enacted the apartheid laws. Apartheid did not immediately end with Mandela’s release. In many cases, members of the same family were assigned different races when their exact race was unclear. Apartheid began in 1948 when the National Party in South Africa began enacting a series of laws that systematically separated the races. When South Africa reached a in 1994. The formal end of the apartheid government in South Africa was hard-won. While some official and traditional segregationist policies and practices had existed in South Africa since the start of the twentieth century, it was the election of the white-ruled Nationalist Party in 1948 that allowed the legal enforcement of pure racism in the form of apartheid. This racial classification process may best illustrate the bizarre nature of the apartheid regime. 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