Acculturation Defined Acculturation is a process of cultural contact and exchange through which a person or group comes to adopt certain values and practices of a culture that is not originally their own, to a greater or lesser extent. Assimilation can be an eventual outcome of the acculturation process, but the process can have other outcomes as well, including rejection, integration, marginalization, and transmutation. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Acculturation at Group and Individual Levels, How Acculturation Differs from Assimilation, Five Different Strategies and Outcomes of Acculturation, How Different Cultural Groups Become More Alike, What Is Multiculturalism? Consider, for example, how a third-generation Vietnamese American who grew up in Chicago differs culturally from a Vietnamese person living in rural Vietnam. Terms in this set (54) Acculturation. The first known use of the term "acculturation" within the social sciences was by John Wesley Powell in a report for the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology in 1880. Choose from 500 different sets of ap human geography unit 3 culture flashcards on Quizlet. This is the case for many first-generation college students who suddenly find themselves among peers who have been socialized already to understand the norms and culture of higher education, or for students from poor and working-class families who find themselves surrounded by wealthy peers at well-funded private colleges and universities. The outcome is that the person or group is, eventually, culturally indistinguishable from the culture into which they have assimilated. However, other outcomes can also occur that fall along a spectrum from minor change to total change, and these include separation, integration, marginalization, and transmutation. Acculturation is often tied to political conquest or expansion, and is applied to the process of change in beliefs or traditional practices that occurs when the cultural system of one group displaces that of another. W.I Thomas and Florian Znaniecki examined this process with Polish immigrants in Chicago in their 1918 study "The Polish Peasant in Europe and America." 1 : cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture the acculturation of immigrants to American life also : a merging of cultures as a result of prolonged contact. This strategy is used when little to no importance is placed on embracing the new culture, and high importance is placed on maintaining the original culture. Learn. This strategy is used when both maintaining the original culture and adapting to the new one are considered important. Over two decades of studies have shown that immigrants often learn English from watching TV, and that reduces some of the stress that comes with, In order to be part of the political process, Ong pointed out that immigrants have to engage in multiple stages of political, That can mean playing down other parts of ourselves, whether by choice or by, The Jewish camping movement is a hybrid outgrowth of a slew of Jewish cultural projects: urban social and moral reform, Zionist education, denominational training, and the general, Post the Definition of acculturation to Facebook, Share the Definition of acculturation on Twitter. STUDY. Acculturation Click card to see definition When a culture is substantially changed through interaction with another culture EX: A culture adapts some traits of the dominant culture but still retains some of its cultural aspects Click again to see term Vocab. Briefly describe the local culture’s attitudes overall. This strategy is used by those who place no importance on either maintaining their original culture or adopting the new one. Definition, Theories, and Examples, What Is Transnationalism? When the process is at its most extreme, assimilation occurs wherein the original culture is wholly abandoned and the new culture adopted in its place. Similarly, first-generation immigrants often consciously engage in the process of acculturation as they settle into their new community in order to succeed socially and economically. Is an Immigrant Considered First or Second Generation? The result is that the person or group is marginalized — pushed aside, overlooked, and forgotten by the rest of society. “Acculturation” is the term used to describe the adoption of certain cultural and social characteristics of one society by another society. AP Human Geography. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. In fact, immigrants are often compelled by law to acculturate in many places, with requirements to learn the language and the laws of society, and in some cases, with new laws that govern dress and covering of the body. Note: Spell. Marginalization. Sometimes, leaders within a culture make a conscious decision to adopt the technologies or practices of another for reasons associated with efficiency and progress. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture Cultural Adaptation new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people Assimilation is the process by which a person or group adopts a new culture that virtually replaces their original culture, leaving only trace elements behind, at most. Accessed 29 Nov. 2020. PLAY. While these early sociologists focused on the process of acculturation experienced by immigrants, and also by Black Americans within predominantly white society, sociologists today are more attuned to the two-way nature of cultural exchange and adoption that happens through the process of acculturation. Those who use this strategy might be thought of as bicultural and may be known to. Test. Created by. Acculturation can take different forms and have different outcomes, depending on the strategy adopted by the people or groups involved in the exchange of culture. AP Human Geography Culture. Assimilation, as a process and an outcome, is common among immigrant populations that seek to blend in with the existing fabric of society. The result is that the original culture of the person or group remains, but it is changed by this process. Adaptive Strategy. Acculturation is one of several forms of culture contact, and has a couple of closely related terms, including assimilation and amalgamation. Terms in this set (20) Acculturation. What Were the Top 4 Causes of the Civil War? Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology, Definition of Scapegoat, Scapegoating, and Scapegoat Theory, Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, M.A., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Assimilation. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Match. This is a common strategy of acculturation and can be observed among many immigrant communities and those with a high proportion of ethnic or racial minorities. Transmutation. from Unit 3 in Coach Auld's class. “Acculturation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acculturation. Acculturation is a process of cultural contact and exchange through which a person or group comes to adopt certain values and practices of a culture that is not originally their own, to a greater or lesser extent. It usually occurs when one society is controlled, either politically, economically, socially, or all of these, by another society. She has taught and researched at institutions including the University of California-Santa Barbara, Pomona College, and University of York. This can occur in societies where cultural exclusion is practiced, thus making it difficult or unappealing for a culturally different person to integrate. This includes the simultaneous adoption of mainstream American foods and meals by immigrant populations. Learn a new word every day. Cultural Adaptation. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Later, in the early 20th century, acculturation became a focus of American sociologists who used ethnography to study the lives of immigrants and the extent to which they integrated into U.S. society. However, acculturation is a two-way process, so those within the majority culture often adopt elements of minority cultures with which they come into contact. teachnology, ecology, demography, and economics, that define human behavior. Delivered to your inbox! The process can be quick or gradual, unfolding over the years, depending on the context and circumstances. Powell observed that, while they exchange cultural elements, each retains its own unique culture. The word means to make similar, and at the end of the process, the person or group will be culturally indistinguishable from those culturally native to the society into which it has assimilated. This type of acculturation is likely to occur in culturally or, Integration. At the individual level, acculturation may involve all the same things that occur at the group level, but the motives and circumstances may differ. This strategy is used by those who place importance on both maintaining their original culture and on adopting the new culture — but rather than integrating two different cultures into their daily lives, those who do this create a third culture (a blend of the old and the new). - Aboriginal nation-state government within a country) (a type of boundary) Nation grouping of … Also, assimilation is often a largely one-way process, rather than the two-way process of cultural exchange that is acculturation. Write. Acculturation is not the same as the process of assimilation, though some people use the words interchangeably. Def: Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage. Definition, Pros, and Cons, Dawes Act of 1887: The Breakup of Indian Tribal Lands, A Guide to Understanding and Avoiding Cultural Appropriation. Though they are often used interchangeably, acculturation and assimilation are two different things. Amalgamation refers to a blending of cultures, rather than one group eliminating another (acculturation) or one group mixing itself into another (assimilation). The process through which something is given monetary value; occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy. people with a shared identity and culture (a nation) who possess their own territory and state government (e.g. m_jordan_nchs. People who move between social classes and the separate and different spaces they inhabit also often experience acculturation on both voluntary and required basis. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Gravity. It can happen at both group and individual levels and can occur as a result of in-person contact or contact through art, literature, or media. The result is that the original culture of the person or group remains, but it is changed by this process. Although all three of these words refer to changes due to contact between different cultures, there are notable differences between them. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This type of acculturation is likely to occur in societies that are considered ", Separation. Not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors customs that will to! While the new one are considered important institutions including the quote, if possible ) read or heard it including! That define human behavior as bicultural and may be known to group is,,. Opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors exchange that is acculturation are often used interchangeably, and! 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